Definition of -ful in English:

-ful

Syllabification: -ful

suffix

  • 1(Forming adjectives from nouns) full of: sorrowful
  • 1.1Having the qualities of: masterful
  • 2Forming adjectives from adjectives or from Latin stems with little change of sense: grateful
  • 3(Forming adjectives from verbs) apt to; able to; accustomed to: forgetful watchful
  • 4 (plural -fuls) Forming nouns denoting the amount needed to fill the specified container, holder, etc.: bucketful handful

Origin

from full1.

Usage

The combining form -ful is used to form nouns meaning ‘the amount needed to fill’ ( cupful , spoonful , etc.). The plural form of such words is cupfuls , spoonfuls , etc. Three cups full would denote the individual cups rather than a quantity measured in cups: on the sill were three cups full of milk ; add three cupfuls of milk to the batter .

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noun
elaborate ornamentation of a vocal melody