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Aryan

Syllabification: Ar·y·an
Pronunciation: /ˈerēən
 
, ˈärēən
 
/

Definition of Aryan in English:

adjective

1Relating to or denoting a people speaking an Indo-European language who invaded northern India in the 2nd millennium bc, displacing the Dravidian and other aboriginal peoples.
Example sentences
  • Some time in the second millennium BCE the Aryan people arrived in north-west India.
  • Believing that he had spoken to the ancient Iranian high god Ahura Mazda, Zoroaster undertook a reform of the old Indo-Iranian religion of the Aryan invaders of India and Iran.
  • The use of honey was taken to India by its Aryan invaders and became associated with religious rites.
1.1 dated term for Proto-Indo-European or for Indo-Iranian.
1.2(In Nazi ideology) relating to people of Caucasian race not of Jewish descent.
Example sentences
  • In the early stages of Hitler's terror, the Jewish spouses of Aryans were spared transportation to ‘the East.’
  • Hitler believed that the Aryans were a superior race.
  • There he was with black hair, as far away as he could come in appearance from the Aryans, the master race with which he wanted to populate the earth.

The idea that there was an “Aryan” race corresponding to the parent Indo-European language was proposed by certain 19th century writers and was taken up by Hitler and other proponents of racist ideology, but it has been generally rejected by scholars

noun

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1A member of the ancient Aryan people.
Example sentences
  • The Jews figured in Nazi ideology as the arch-enemy of the Aryan race.
  • They believe the Jews control the U.S. government and are out to destroy the Aryan race.
  • The 1935 Nuremberg Race Laws against Jews outlawed mixed marriages in pursuit of a pure Aryan race.
1.1The language of the Aryan people.
1.2(In Nazi ideology) a person of Caucasian race not of Jewish descent.

Origin

from Sanskrit ārya 'noble' + -an.

More
  • This is based on Sanskrit ārya ‘noble’. Aryan is used by some as an equivalent of the term Indo-European for a language family. In the 19th century, the notion of an Aryan race corresponding to a definite Aryan language became current and was taken up by nationalistic historical and romantic writers. One of these was De Gobineau ( 1816–82), an anthropologist who linked the idea to a notion of inferiority of certain races. Later the term Aryan race was revived and used as propaganda in Nazi Germany.

Definition of Aryan in:

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