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Bosnia and Herzegovina

Syllabification: Bos·ni·a and Her·ze·go·vi·na
Pronunciation: /ˌbäznēə ən ˌhertsəˈɡōvənə
 
/
(also Bosnia-Herzegovina)

Definition of Bosnia and Herzegovina in English:

A country in southeastern Europe, in the Balkans, formerly a constituent republic of Yugoslavia; population 4,613,400 (est. 2009); capital, Sarajevo; languages, Bosnian, Croatian, Serbian.

Bosnia and Herzegovina were conquered by the Turks in 1463. The province of Bosnia and Herzegovina was annexed by Austria in 1908, an event that contributed to the outbreak of World War I. In 1918, it became part of the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats, and Slovenes, which changed its name to Yugoslavia in 1929. In 1992, Bosnia and Herzegovina followed Slovenia and Croatia in declaring independence, but ethnic conflict among Muslims, Serbs, and Croats quickly reduced the republic to a state of civil war. An accord signed in December 1995 formally brought the conflict to an end

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