1a city in north central California, northeast of Oakland; population 121,160 (est. 2008). 2a town in northeastern Massachusetts; population 17,450 (est. 2008). Battles here and at Lexington in April 1775 marked the start of the American Revolution. 3the capital of New Hampshire, in the southern part of the state, on the Merrimack River; population 42,255 (est. 2008). 4an industrial city in south central North Carolina, a textile center; population 66,311 (est. 2008).