the name of two French novelists and playwrights. Alexandre (1802–70); known as Dumas père (father). He wrote the historical adventure novels The Three Musketeers (1844–45) and The Count of Monte Cristo (1844–45). Alexandre (1824–95), son of Dumas père; known as Dumas fils (son). He wrote the novel (and play) La Dame aux camélias (1848), which formed the basis of Verdi’s opera La Traviata (1853).