- a country on the coast of West Africa; population 1,778,100 (est. 2009); capital, Banjul; languages, English (official), Malinke and other indigenous languages, and Creole.
Gambia consists of a narrow strip of territory on either side of the Gambia River that forms an enclave in Senegal. It was created as a British colony in 1843 and became an independent member of the Commonwealth of Nations in 1965 and a republic in 1970
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