the name of four rulers of ancient Palestine. Herod the Great (circa 74-4 bc), ruled 37-4 bc. According to the New Testament, Jesus was born during his reign, and he ordered the massacre of the innocents (Matt. 2:16). Herod Antipas (22 bc-circa ad 40), son of Herod the Great, tetrarch of Galilee and Peraea 4 bc- ad 40. He married Herodias and was responsible for the beheading of John the Baptist. According to the New Testament (Luke 23:7), Pilate sent Jesus to be questioned by him before the Crucifixion. Herod Agrippa I (10 bc- ad 44), grandson of Herod the Great; king of Judaea ad 41-44. He imprisoned St. Peter and put St. James the Great to death. Herod Agrippa II ( ad 27-circa 93), son of Herod Agrippa I; king of various territories in northern Palestine 50-circa 93. He presided over the trial of St. Paul (Acts 25:13 ff.).