1.1 Ludwig I ( 1786–1868), reigned 1825–48. He became unpopular due to his reactionary policies, lavish expenditures, and his domination by the dancer Lola Montez. He was forced to abdicate in favor of his son, Maximilian II.
1.2 Ludwig II ( 1845–86), reigned 1864–86. Son of Maximilian II and a patron of the arts, he became a recluse and built a series of elaborate castles. He was declared insane and deposed in 1886.
1.3 Ludwig III ( 1845–1921), reigned 1913–18. Succeeding his deposed cousin, Ludwig II, he became the last king of Bavaria.