Share this entry

Share this page

Mongoloid

Syllabification: Mon·gol·oid
Pronunciation: /ˈmäNGɡəˌloid
 
/

Definition of Mongoloid in English:

adjective

1 dated or offensive Of or relating to the broad division of humankind including the indigenous peoples of eastern Asia, Southeast Asia, and the Arctic region of North America.
Example sentences
  • Culturally and linguistically distinct from Native Americans of the lower 48 states, as well as from the Athabaskan people of Alaska, the Inuit are closely related to the Mongoloid peoples of eastern Asia.
  • Some Turks have long-headed Mediterranean looks while others possess Mongoloid features with high cheekbones.
  • Peoples of Mongoloid descent include the groups who traditionally have served as Gurkha soldiers.
2 (mongoloid) offensive Having Down syndrome.

noun

Back to top  
1 dated or offensive A person belonging to the division of humankind including the indigenous peoples of eastern Asia, Southeast Asia, and the Arctic region of North America.
Example sentences
  • Unlike the Caucasians, Negroids or the pure Mongoloids, we guys in rest of Asia are a mixed race, with a blistering array of complexions.
  • The population of India comprises of six main ethnic groups namely, the Negrito, Proto-austroloids, Mongoloids, Mediterranean or Dravidian, Western brachycephals and the Nordic Aryans.
  • Ladaakhis are Mongoloids who inhabit the Ladaakh region - the trans-Himalayan region.
2 offensive A person with Down syndrome.

Usage

1 The terms Mongoloid, Negroid, Caucasoid, and Australoid were introduced by 19th-century anthropologists attempting to classify human racial types, but today they are recognized as having very limited validity as scientific categories. Although occasionally used when making broad generalizations about the world’s populations, in most modern contexts they are potentially offensive, especially when used of individuals. Instead, the names of specific peoples or nationalities should be used wherever possible. 2 The term mongol, or Mongoloid, was adopted in the late 19th century to refer to a person with Down syndrome, owing to the similarity of some of the physical symptoms of the disorder with the normal facial characteristics of eastern Asian people. The syndrome itself was thus called mongolism. In modern English, this use of mongol (and related forms) is unacceptable and is considered offensive. In scientific, as well as in most general contexts, mongolism has been replaced by the term Down syndrome (first recorded in the early 1960s).

Definition of Mongoloid in:

Share this entry

Share this page

 

What do you find interesting about this word or phrase?

Comments that don't adhere to our Community Guidelines may be moderated or removed.

Get more from Oxford Dictionaries

Subscribe to remove adverts and access premium resources

Word of the day emulous
Pronunciation: ˈɛmjʊləs
adjective
seeking to emulate someone or something