an Azerbaijani autonomous republic, predominantly Muslim, that is located on the borders of Turkey and northern Iran and is separated from the rest of Azerbaijan by a narrow strip of Armenia; population 71,200 (est. 2008). In 1990, it was the first Soviet territory to declare unilateral independence. It has a predominantly Azerbaijani population and, along with Nagorno-Karabakh, is a point of conflict between Armenia and Azerbaijan. Russian name Nakhichevan. the capital city of Naxçivan; population 51,000.