- 2the Iranian language of modern Iran, written in Arabic script. Also called Farsi.
- relating to ancient Persia or modern Iran or its people or language.
Persian (or Farsi) is spoken by more than 30 million people in Iran, by about 5 million in Afghanistan (as Dari), and by another 2.2 million in Tajikistan (as Tajik). Old Persian, written in cuneiform and attested from the 6th century bc, was the language of the Persian empire, which once extended from the Mediterranean to India. In the 2nd century bc, the Persians created their own alphabet (Pahlavi), which was used until the Islamic conquest in the 7th century
Middle English: from Old French persien, from Latin Persia, via Greek from Old Persian pārsa 'Persia' (modern Persian pārs, Arabic fārs)