- In Japan, decapods associated with coral reef deposits were described in Miocene and Pliocene and Pleistocene rocks.
- In general, species richness in the Miocene and Pliocene was high whereas Pleistocene and Recent diversity is very low.
- What is most difficult in tectonic geomorphological studies is to establish the late Pleistocene - Holocene chronology.
The Pleistocene epoch lasted from 1,640,000 to about 10,000 years ago. It was marked by great fluctuations in temperature that caused the ice ages, with glacial periods followed by warmer interglacial periods. Several extinct forms of human, forerunners of modern humans, appeared during this epoch
mid 19th century: from Greek pleistos 'most' + kainos 'new'.
Definition of Pleistocene in:
- The British & World English dictionary