Share this entry

Share this page

Provençal

Syllabification: Pro·ven·çal
Pronunciation: /ˌprävänˈsäl, ˌprōˌvänˈsäl
 
 
/

Definition of Provençal in English:

adjective

Of, relating to, or denoting Provence or its people or language.
Example sentences
  • Only a few days later I sat in evening dress in the Roman amphitheatre at Orange and listened to Verdi, the combined spell of the setting, the Provençal night and the singing lifted opera into another dimension.
  • The image of Gitanes-puffing, beret-clad Monsieurs enjoying a game of pétanque in the Provençal sunshine is about as idiosyncratically-French as it gets.
  • Ripened under the hot Provençal sun, these tomatoes would have won no prizes for beauty, but they tasted divine.

noun

Back to top  
1A native or inhabitant of Provence.
Example sentences
  • Before they set out, they were joined by the Burgundians, northern Frenchmen under Stephen of Blois, and a small group of Provençals under Raymond of Toulouse.
  • While he and Alexius were talking on friendly terms, word came that the Provençals had been routed by Byzantine troops.
  • The restaurant began life modestly in 1921 as a place called ‘A Robinson’, owned by a young Provençal called Paul Roux and his wife, Baptistine.
2The Romance language of Provence.

Provençal is closely related to French, Italian, and Catalan; it is sometimes called langue d’oc (or Occitan), though strictly speaking it is one dialect of this. In the 12th-14th centuries it was the language of the troubadours and cultured speakers of southern France, but the spread of the northern dialects of French led to its decline

Example sentences
  • Ortolan comes to us, via French and Provençal, from Latin hortulanus or gardener, hortulus being a small garden.
  • Linguistically, troubadour poetry is expressed in the ‘langue d' oc ’, a relative of present-day Provençal.
  • Many of the older generation speak Provençal, the Romance language of southern France, closely related to Latin.

Origin

French, from Latin provincialis 'provincial'.

Definition of Provençal in:

Share this entry

Share this page

 

What do you find interesting about this word or phrase?

Comments that don't adhere to our Community Guidelines may be moderated or removed.

Get more from Oxford Dictionaries

Subscribe to remove adverts and access premium resources

Word of the day boscage
Pronunciation: ˈbɒskɪdʒ
noun
a mass of trees or shrubs