Share this entry

Share this page

Romania

Syllabification: Ro·ma·ni·a
Pronunciation: /rōˈmānēə
 
, ro͞oˈmānēə
 
/
(also Rumania)

Definition of Romania in English:

A country in southeastern Europe, on the Black Sea; population 22,215,400 (est. 2009); capital, Bucharest; language, Romanian (official).

In the Middle Ages, the area consisted of the principalities of Wallachia and Moldavia, which were swallowed up by the Ottoman Empire in the 15th-16th centuries. The two principalities gained independence in 1878. After World War II, during which it had supported Germany, Romania became a communist state under Soviet domination. After 1974, the country pursued an increasingly independent course under the virtual dictatorship of Nicolae Ceauşescu. His regime collapsed in violent popular unrest in 1989, and a new democratic constitution was introduced. Romania joined NATO in 2004 and the EU in 2007

Definition of Romania in:

Share this entry

Share this page

 

What do you find interesting about this word or phrase?

Comments that don't adhere to our Community Guidelines may be moderated or removed.

Get more from Oxford Dictionaries

Subscribe to remove adverts and access premium resources

Word of the day orthoepy
Pronunciation: ˈɔːθəʊɛpi
noun
the correct or accepted pronunciation of words