Definition of Saxon in English:

Saxon

Syllabification: Sax·on
Pronunciation: /ˈsaksən
 
/

noun

1A member of a Germanic people that inhabited parts of central and northern Germany from Roman times, many of whom conquered and settled in southern England in the 5th-6th centuries.
More example sentences
  • There was relative peace with British rule over the western half of the country and Germanic rule in the east for the next fifty years, and it seems likely that the Britons may even have regained some areas of central England from the Saxons.
  • Faced with invasion by a coalition of Picts and Saxons, the Roman citizens of Britain appeal to the Emperor for help; but Honorius is in no position to aid them.
  • When Charlemagne conquered the Saxons, he extended his empire to the borders of Viking realms: specifically, to Friesland in southern Denmark.
1.1A native of modern Saxony in Germany.
2The language of the Saxons, in particular.
2.1 (Old Saxon) The West Germanic language of the ancient Saxons.
2.2Another term for Old English.
2.3The Low German dialect of modern Saxony.

adjective

Back to top  
1Of or relating to the Anglo-Saxons, their language (Old English), or their period of dominance in England (5th-11th centuries).
More example sentences
  • Wales is contiguous to England and had been the subject of Saxon raids for centuries.
  • For much of the Saxon period it was probably fairly wide and marshy, perhaps acting as a separator between Westwyk and Conesford.
  • Across much of midland England wide-ranging changes took place in the countryside in the late Saxon period.
1.1Relating to or denoting the style of early Romanesque architecture preceding the Norman in England.
More example sentences
  • The site develops with the construction of an aisled Late Saxon timber hall, which was one of King Cnut's royal manors.
  • Within the church, parts of the Saxon north wall can be seen above the Norman arcade.
  • On the outside of the north wall, (about a third of the way down the Nave), the remains of a Saxon doorway can be seen, complete with round headed arch and jambs of flint.
2Of or relating to Saxony or the continental Saxons or their language.
More example sentences
  • As a place of cure and fashion, it developed rapidly in the late nineteenth century following approval by the Saxon kings.

Origin

Middle English: from Old French, from late Latin Saxones (plural), of West Germanic origin; related to Old English Seaxan, Seaxe (plural), perhaps from the base of sax 'small ax', from Old English seax 'knife', of Germanic origin, from an Indo-European root meaning 'cut'.

Derivatives

Saxonize

verb

Definition of Saxon in:

Get more from Oxford Dictionaries

Subscribe to remove adverts and access premium resources

Word of the day ween
Pronunciation: wiːn
verb
be of the opinion; think or suppose