1the state capital of Illinois; population 117,352 (est. 2008). It was the home and burial place of Abraham Lincoln. 2a city in southwestern Massachusetts, on the Connecticut River; population 150,640 (est. 2008). It was first settled in 1636. 3a city in southwestern Missouri, on the northern edge of the Ozark Mountains; population 156,206 (est. 2008). 4a city in west central Ohio, west of Columbus and northeast of Dayton; population 62,269 (est. 2008). 5a city in western Oregon, on the Willamette River, an eastern suburb of Eugene; population 57,224 (est. 2008).