- a country that occupies the eastern part of the Scandinavian peninsula; population 9,059,700 (est. 2009); capital, Stockholm; language, Swedish (official). Swedish name Sverige.
Originally united in the 12th century, Sweden formed part of the Union of Kalmar with Denmark and Norway from 1397 until its re-emergence as an independent kingdom in 1523. Between 1814 and 1905, it was united with Norway. A constitutional monarchy, Sweden has pursued a policy of nonalignment, and it remained neutral in the two world wars. Sweden joined the European Union in 1995