Definition of Tocharian in English:

Tocharian

Syllabification: To·char·i·an
Pronunciation: /tōˈke(ə)rēən, -ˈkär-
 
/

noun

1A member of a central Asian people who inhabited the Tarim Basin in the 1st millennium ad.
More example sentences
  • The wonderful second part of the book opens in the Tarim Basin circa 750 A.D. in a settlement of Tocharians.
  • It appears possible that eventually the Tocharians may be classified with the eastern Scythians.
  • Their being Tocharians does put them right into the Indo-European matrix alongside the Greeks, Norse, and others.
2Either of two extinct languages ( Tocharian A and Tocharian B) spoken by the Tocharian people, the most easterly of known ancient Indo-European languages, surviving in a few documents and inscriptions and showing affinities to Celtic and Italic languages.
More example sentences
  • In a remote part of Western China archaeologists have found not only evidence of an extinct Indo-European language, Tocharian, but the mummified remains, up to 4,000 years old, of the Indo-Europeans themselves.
  • Repeating the exercise, we analyze the related languages - Proto-Germanic, the ancestor of Latin, Celtic, Greek, Baltic, Slavic, Albanian, Armenian, Anatolian, Hittite, Indo-Iranian, and Tocharian.
  • Don Ringe, author of On the Chronology of Sound Changes in Tocharian, is professor of linguistics at the University of Pennsylvania.

adjective

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Relating to the Tocharian or their language.
More example sentences
  • This periphery was ancestral to the historical Tocharian languages.
  • They even impinged on areas of Poland and the Ukraine and, if the amazing recent discoveries of mummies in China's province of Xinjiang are linked with the Tocharian texts, they even moved as far east as the area north of Tibet.
  • The fact that the real history of the ‘procurement’ of Tocharian documents by Aurel Stein from Central Asia forms an important clue in the detective story was a nice touch.

Origin

from French tocharien, via Latin from Greek Tokharoi, the name of a Scythian tribe (almost certainly unrelated to the Tocharians).

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