Definition of adverse in English:
- Despite the adverse blustery weather conditions, it was clear that Oxford had the edge.
- The development will not have any adverse effect upon bats or other wildlife living in the area.
- She said the development would have major adverse impacts on the beauty of the landscape.
Adverse means ‘hostile, unfavorable, opposed,’ and is usually applied to situations, conditions, or events—not to people: the dry weather has had an adverse effect on the garden. Averse is related in origin and also has the sense of ‘opposed,’ but is usually employed to describe a person’s attitude: I would not be averse to making the repairs myself. See also averse (usage).
verse from Old English:
In his poem ‘Digging’ (1966), Seamus Heaney resolves to carry on the family tradition of digging the soil by ‘digging’ himself, not with a spade like his father and grandfather, but with a pen. The link between agriculture and writing poetry goes all the way back to the origin of the word verse, as Latin versus meant both ‘a turn of the plough, furrow’ and ‘a line of writing’. The idea here is that of a plough turning and marking another straight line or furrow. Versus is also the source of versatile (early 17th century) and version (Late Middle English), and it is based on Latin vertere ‘to turn’, from which vertebra (early 17th century), vertical (mid 16th century), vertigo (Late Middle English), and many other words such as adverse (Late Middle English), convert (Late Middle English), and pervert (Late Middle English) ‘turn bad’. Vortex (mid 17th century) is closely related. Versed (early 17th century), as in well versed in, is different, coming from Latin versari ‘be engaged in’.
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