A ligatured letter used in Old English to represent either a long sound like that in modern American English hair or the short vowel of hat; currently used in some phonetic alphabets to represent the vowel of hat, which is symbolized in this dictionary by a (see ash2).
- To represent sounds not found in the Irish and Latin languages, the monks had to adapt versions of the Runic alphabet for the letters w, þ, ð, and æ.
- They used the letter æ, which we do not use.
- Furthermore the examples above show that Old English uses the letters æ and þ that are not used in Modern English anymore.
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