A long, slender olive-brown to grayish snake found in Europe and southwestern Asia. In ancient times it was protected because of its mythical link with the god of healing, Aesculapius.
- Elaphe longissima, family Colubridae
- To this day the Aesculapian snake forms part of the symbols representing physicians and veterinarians.
- The Aesculapian snake has a uniformly brown back with a streak of darker colour behind the eyes.
- Since the Aesculapian snake is not closely related to that group, another available generic name had to be found for it.
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