- 1In opposition to: the fight against crime he decided against immediate publication swimming against the tideMore example sentences
- It is vital in the fight against crime that the public is able to trust law enforcement officials.
- He has fought against it in government, in opposition and within his own party.
- In opposition, we were against the privatisation of air traffic control, then did the opposite in power.
- 1.1In opposition to, with reference to legal action: allegations against police officers the first victim gave evidence against himMore example sentences
- He has no right to appeal against deportation but under a legal loophole can appeal against the destination.
- An officer cannot appeal against a decision for an allegation to be formally investigated.
- Unlike England, the poor had the right of legal appeal against the denial of relief.
- 1.2In opposition to, with reference to an athletic contest: the championship game against VirginiaMore example sentences
- We may have lost the match against Brazil but the game has helped to save the life of a local man.
- In the last game against Brisbane he lacked match fitness and failed to make a contribution.
- The remaining 17 games include matches against all the other sides in the bottom eight.
- 1.3(In betting) in anticipation of the failure of: the odds were 5-1 against PittsburghMore example sentences
- Byrd is favored but people have gone to the poor house betting against Evander Holyfield.
- Betting exchanges allow people to bet against each other person-to-person over the internet.
- From August the odds each month against winning the jackpot are 13 billion to one for each bond.
- 2In anticipation of and preparation for (a problem or difficulty): insurance against sickness and unemploymentMore example sentences
- Claire gritted her teeth against the pain, a high, keen sound escaping her lips.
- Uranium was used to shield tanks against attack by conventional armour-piercing weapons.
- It is, for the time being, a great insurance against any terrorist attack.
- 2.1In resistance to; as protection from: he turned up his collar against the windMore example sentences
- A curtain has been fixed at the eastern end of the shelter as a protection against the driving wind and rain.
- Vines are trained on low bushes as protection against the strong winds.
- He had a brown suede jacket with light brown denim pants, his collar was turned up against the wind.
- 2.2In relation to (an amount of money owed or due) so as to reduce or cancel it: money was advanced against the value of the propertyMore example sentences
- Invoice financing is similar to factoring, where banks lend against sales and money owed by debtors.
- Landlords can offset the interest they pay on their mortgage against rental income to reduce the amount of tax they pay.
- This has resulted in massive volume growth in lending against rising asset values.
- 3In conceptual contrast to: the benefits must be weighed against the costs the instilling of habits as against the development of understandingMore example sentences
- The benefits of overthrow must of course be weighed against the horrific costs of war.
- Vaccinations are expensive and costs must be weighed up against the risks involved.
- Businesses say the advantages of trading with Europe have to be weighed against the increased cost of red tape.
- 3.1In visual contrast to: he was silhouetted against the light of the windowMore example sentences
- Behind us, a small silhouette against a light grey sky was the castle.
- Mai appeared at the door, silhouetted against the brighter light from the other room.
- All but one of the boilers remained in position, silhouetted against the green water and ambient light.
- 4In or into physical contact with (something), typically so as to be supported by or collide with it: she stood with her back against the door his lips brushed against her hairMore example sentences
- This is done by cutting off all fruited canes at the base and untangling new growth and tying it to supports against the wall or fence.
- After one last, warning crush, he let go, my frame slumping against the wall for support.
- She put out a hand against the wall for support, and took several soothing breaths.
have something against someone
- Dislike or bear a grudge against someone: I have nothing against you personallyMore example sentences
- She was anxious that I should not have a grudge against the country, but I was already feeling quite at home.
- She said: ‘I don't know anyone who would have a grudge against me and want to do this.’
- I think it must be someone who wants us out of the area or has a grudge against us but we're not moving anywhere.
Middle English: from again + -s (adverbial genitive) + -t probably by association with superlatives (as in amongst).