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alkylate Syllabification: al·kyl·ate
Pronunciation: /ˈalkəˌlāt/

Definition of alkylate in English:


[with object] (usually as adjective alkylating or alkylated) Chemistry
Introduce an alkyl radical into (a compound): alkylating agents
More example sentences
  • Chemical mutagens are classified as alkylating agents, cross-linking agents, and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs).
  • Two men discovered that in the presence of Lewis acids (such as aluminum chloride or ferric chloride), alkyl halides will alkylate benzenes.
  • The major categories are alkylating agents, antimetabolites, plant alkaloids, anti-tumor antibiotics, and steroid hormones.


Pronunciation: /ˌalkəˈlāSHən/
Example sentences
  • Important synthetic methodology also exists for the alkylation of enolate ions.
  • These reactions occur via acylation or alkylation and are often rapid, forming stable primary amide or secondary amine bonds.
  • Likewise the mustard nitrogen of chlorambucil should not be covalently joined to antibody, since it must be free to generate the toxic aziridinium ion responsible for DNA alkylation.
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