Definition of allyl in English:

allyl

Syllabification: al·lyl
Pronunciation: /ˈalil
 
/

noun

[as modifier] Chemistry
  • The unsaturated hydrocarbon radical —CH=CHCH2: allyl alcohol
    More example sentences
    • The biosynthesis of many important primary metabolites (such as cholesterol) proceed through intermediates that contain the allyl alcohol functional group.
    • Epichlorohydrin is an important epoxide whose creation comes mainly from hydrochlorination of allyl chloride.
    • Garlic and onions are medicinal for their allyl sulphides antioxidant and detoxifying activity.

Derivatives

allylic

Pronunciation: /əˈlilik/
adjective
More example sentences
  • An example that Blackmond often uses is the asymmetric hydrogenation of the allylic alcohols geraniol and its isomers (g geraniol and nerol) carried out while she was at Merck.
  • For substances containing allyl or allylic side chains a direct mechanism of action involving an allylic cation which then reacts with nucleophilic centers of nucleic acid bases has been discussed in the literature.
  • Decomposition of these primary photoproducts to give secondary products arising from allylic hydroperoxide degradation - either by Hock rearrangement or by alkenyl ether epoxidation - was also observed.

Origin

mid 19th century: from Latin allium 'garlic' + -yl.

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