Definition of amygdala in English:

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Pronunciation: /əˈmiɡdələ/

noun (plural amygdalae /-lē/)

A roughly almond-shaped mass of gray matter inside each cerebral hemisphere, involved with the experiencing of emotions.
Example sentences
  • Deep in the brain lies the amygdala, an almond-sized region that generates fear.
  • The action of the amygdala in the limbic system functions as an alarm system, eliciting responses to cues in the present as if they were the original danger.
  • The MRI scans were used to quantify total volume of the cerebrum, lateral ventricles, hippocampus and amygdala.


Late Middle English: via Latin from Greek amugdalē 'almond'.

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