Definition of annual in English:

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Pronunciation: /ˈany(o͞o)əl/


1Occurring once every year: the union’s annual conference the sponsored walk became an annual event an annual report
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  • A tradition grew up around this annual event whereby once the cake was cut and the goodies all eaten it was time for ghost stories.
  • This eagerly anticipated annual event once again drew the crowds and this time there was the added attraction of an extra race on the town centre circuit.
  • The conference is the premier annual event in cardiology on the medical education calendar in the region.
yearly, once-a-year, every twelve months;
1.1Calculated over or covering a period of a year: annual accounts an annual rate of increase his basic annual income
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  • Apple's calculated annual run rate of 130 million songs a year equates to $43.9m of revenue per annum.
  • Under the new laws the band would have been required to pay full tax rates on annual incomes of more than €250,000.
  • This legislation confirms the annual income tax rates for the 2003-04 year.
year-long, twelve-month
1.2(Of a plant) living for a year or less, perpetuating itself by seed: annual flowers
More example sentences
  • Starting an annual flower garden from seed is one of the greatest joys of spring gardening.
  • Create privacy screens by planting fast-growing annual vines up trellises around your patio.
  • You've probably seen annual flowers planted in all sorts of odd containers, from discarded tires to old boots!


1A book or magazine that is published once a year under the same title but with different contents: a Christmas annual trade journals, annuals, and directories
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  • The Children's Book Shelf stocks nothing but children's books, old annuals and comics.
  • Timeform publishes such annuals as Racehorses and Chasers and Hurdlers, along with its weekly Black Book.
  • One lot is a collection of children's annuals, including first editions of Enid Blyton books and an 1870 copy of John Bunyan's Choice Works.
1.1An annual plant: sow annuals in spring
More example sentences
  • Fall is a good time to plant cool-season annuals and vegetables, herbs, perennials and trees, too.
  • Avoid fertilizing the annuals planted in the same bed until the bulbs have died back.
  • These annuals are beautiful foliage plants becoming fashionable again.


Late Middle English: from Old French annuel, from late Latin annualis, based on Latin annus 'year'.

  • This comes via Old French from late Latin annualis, based on Latin annus ‘year’. The notion of a ‘yearbook’ recording events of the past year, arose in the late 17th century. From the same word we get annals (mid 16th century) from Latin annales (libri) ‘yearly (books)’ giving a historical record of the events throughout each year; anniversary (Middle English) ‘returning yearly’; annuity (Late Middle English) something paid ‘yearly’; perennial (mid 17th century) ‘[lasting] through the year’; and the Latin phrases annus horribilis ‘year of disasters’ and annus mirabilis ‘wonderful year’.

Words that rhyme with annual

biannual, Emanuel, Emmanuel, manual

For editors and proofreaders

Syllabification: an·nu·al

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