(Especially in Greek) an unqualified past tense of a verb without reference to duration or completion of the action.
- Two of the more troublesome phenomena are verbs with an active present and future middle; and ‘passive deponents,’ i.e., ‘deponent’ verbs whose aorists are passive in form, not middle.
- However, in the indicative mood, the aorist usually indicates past time.
- The minority of these future middle verbs form the aorist normally.
Relating to the aorist tense.
- When the forgiveness of sins is considered, the use of the aorist tense in the Lord's Prayer makes clear that only a final (one-time only) forgiveness is sought when the Lord comes.
- The previous section points out that Koine ‘preferred the aorist passive in the case of deponents (where a real passive meaning is at best a possibility)’.
- It is quite intriguing to notice that the majority of these active-present, future-middle verbs have a stem change in the aorist (a second aorist form).
- Example sentences
- In Latin, perfective and aoristic semantics fused in the perfect, leaving the perfect and imperfect stems.
- The aoristic present presents the action as a simple event or as a present fact without any reference to its progress.
- Perfect can be completed aspect in present time or aoristic aspect in past time.
Late 16th century: from Greek aoristos 'indefinite', from a- 'not' + horizein 'define, limit'.
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