Definition of archegonium in English:

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archegonium

Pronunciation: /ˌärkəˈɡōnēəm/

noun (plural archegonia /-nēə/)

Botany
The female sex organ in mosses, liverworts, ferns, and most conifers.
Example sentences
  • Antheridia formed on the dorsal and ventral surfaces of the wing, while archegonia formed on the ventral surface of the anterior cushion.
  • Dispersed by wind, these small spores germinate into small, freeliving, disc-shaped gametophytes that produce either archegonia - organs in which egg cells are formed - or sperm-producing antheridia.
  • Notwithstanding their general similarity, the archegonia of mosses differ externally from antheridia in having a longer neck and longer stalk.

Origin

Mid 19th century: modern Latin, from Greek arkhegonos, from arkhe- 'first' + gonos 'race'.

For editors and proofreaders

Syllabification: ar·che·go·ni·um

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