Definition of arithmetic in English:

arithmetic

Syllabification: a·rith·me·tic

noun

Pronunciation: /əˈriTHməˌtik
 
/
  • 1The branch of mathematics dealing with the properties and manipulation of numbers: the laws of arithmetic
    More example sentences
    • In principle this included the four mathematical sciences: arithmetic, geometry, astronomy and music.
    • Cardinal Algebras presents a study of algebras satisfying certain properties which capture the arithmetic of cardinal numbers.
    • The mathematical part of the Aryabhatiya covers arithmetic, algebra, plane trigonometry and spherical trigonometry.
  • 1.1The use of numbers in counting and calculation: he could do arithmetic in his head
    More example sentences
    • If U is a positive integer, we can calculate the function's value by simple arithmetic: Just multiply e by itself U times.
    • No matter how poor my calculating skills are however, I do know some simple arithmetic.
    • The Stand and Deliver message, that the touch of a master could bring unmotivated students from arithmetic to calculus in a single year, was preached in schools throughout the nation.

adjective

Pronunciation: /ˌariTHˈmetik/
(also arithmetical) Back to top  
  • Of or relating to arithmetic: perform arithmetic functions
    More example sentences
    • Thus, this conjecture of Artin was the origin of a wide range of activities in what is now called arithmetic geometry.
    • Among the series al-Umawi considers are arithmetic and geometric series.
    • We do not get to geometrical or arithmetic objects via any process.

Derivatives

arithmetically

adverb
More example sentences
  • A hound whose speed increases arithmetically chases a hare whose speed also increases arithmetically, how far do they travel before the hound catches the hare?
  • The problem comes when you try to think algebraically, or arithmetically, about the Gauss problem.
  • But the resources necessary to sustain that increase could be multiplied only arithmetically, adding only a fixed amount every year.

arithmetician

Pronunciation: /əˌriTHməˈtiSHən/
noun
More example sentences
  • … it is a small treatise of seventeen folios in which we find nothing on mensuration that the arithmeticians of the East did not know.
  • Perhaps it is best described by al-Samawal, who described it as: -… operating on unknowns using all the arithmetical tools, in the same way as the arithmetician operates on the known.
  • The arithmeticians among you will have worked out that this was as the Depression hit.

Origin

Middle English: from Old French arismetique, based on Latin arithmetica, from Greek arithmētikē (tekhnē) '(art) of counting', from arithmos 'number'.

More definitions of arithmetic

Definition of arithmetic in:

Get more from Oxford Dictionaries

Subscribe to remove adverts and access premium resources

Word of the day astrogation
Pronunciation: ˌastrə(ʊ)ˈgeɪʃ(ə)n
noun
(in science fiction) navigation in outer space