Share this entry

Share this page


Syllabification: ar·ter·y
Pronunciation: /ˈärdərē

Definition of artery in English:

noun (plural arteries)

1Any of the muscular-walled tubes forming part of the circulation system by which blood (mainly that which has been oxygenated) is conveyed from the heart to all parts of the body. Compare with vein (sense 1).
Example sentences
  • Most are caused by a blood clot that forms in the veins, before passing through the heart and entering the arteries that carry blood to the lungs.
  • Thus the fetus grows its own umbilical cord, containing its own blood vessels: two arteries and a single vein.
  • Over time, it can cause damage to the heart and arteries and other body organs.
1.1An important route in a system of roads, rivers, or railroad lines: the east-west artery between San Francisco and Sacramento
More example sentences
  • During the Dutch colonial era this river was an important artery in the city.
  • It links two main arteries of the West Coast route: the line to Manchester via Stafford and Crewe and the line via Stoke on Trent.
  • This road is the main artery between Windhoek, southern Namibia and South Africa.


late Middle English: from Latin arteria, from Greek artēria, probably from airein 'raise'.

Definition of artery in:

Share this entry

Share this page


What do you find interesting about this word or phrase?

Get more from Oxford Dictionaries

Subscribe to remove adverts and access premium resources

Word of the day prepotent
Pronunciation: prɪˈpəʊt(ə)nt
greater than others in power or influence