Definition of artichoke in English:


Syllabification: ar·ti·choke
Pronunciation: /ˈärtiˌCHōk


  • 1 (also globe artichoke) A European plant cultivated for its large thistlelike flower heads.
    • Cynara scolymus, family Compositae
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    • Other attractive vegetables that work well in a flower garden include tall frondy fennel, the magnificent globe artichoke and nasturtiums for ground cover.
    • But there are also edible species of biennial, including carrots, parsley, parsnips and globe artichoke or cardoon.
    • They are psyllium, taurine, dandelion, St Mary's Thistle, globe artichoke and slippery elm bark, which have liver protective, restorative properties.
  • 1.1The unopened flower head of this, of which the heart and the fleshy bases of the bracts are edible.
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    • Unlike their larger siblings, whose higher placement on the stalk exposes them to the sun, baby artichokes are rendered entirely edible with just a little trimming.
    • We ordered the white asparagus and morel soufflé in a globe artichoke with truffle beurre blanc.
    • It's what remained after I had enjoyed a particularly good globe artichoke.
  • 2 see Jerusalem artichoke.
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    • Some of the best liver-supporting foods are beetroot, carrots, onions, garlic, green leafy vegetables, artichokes and lemons.
    • It would be fantastic with cavalo nero, white beans and raw artichokes.
    • Certain foods such as kidney beans and artichokes cause an overproduction of bacteria in the stomach, which can in turn lead to excessive flatulence.


mid 16th century: from northern Italian articiocco, from Spanish alcarchofa, from Arabic al-ḵaršūfa.

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