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artificial

Syllabification: ar·ti·fi·cial
Pronunciation: /ˌärdəˈfiSHəl
 
/

Definition of artificial in English:

adjective

1Made or produced by human beings rather than occurring naturally, typically as a copy of something natural: her skin glowed in the artificial light an artificial limb artificial flowers
More example sentences
  • This system uses ambient light rather than an artificial light source.
  • He also makes a point of using liqueur ingredients with natural rather than artificial flavorings.
  • Natural and artificial light is reflected from the polished and honed surfaces of the stone clad interior.
1.1(Of a situation or concept) not existing naturally; contrived or false: the artificial division of people into age groups
More example sentences
  • He went on to call the situation ‘an artificial crisis,’ caused by an increased demand resulting from all the publicity.
  • Admittedly, it was an artificial situation because the operator knew what the problem was and what sequence of keys was needed to cause the fault.
  • That would be to limit the operation of the provision to artificial situations, for which there is no justification either in principle or in the language used.
Synonyms
synthetic, fake, imitation, mock, ersatz, faux, substitute, replica, reproduction;
man-made, manufactured, fabricated, inorganic;
informal pretend, phony
1.2 Bridge (Of a bid) conventional as opposed to natural.
Example sentences
  • Bids which carry an agreed meaning other than this are called artificial or conventional.
2(Of a person or a person’s behavior) insincere or affected: an artificial smile
More example sentences
  • Straight through her flawless appearance and extraordinary manners I saw an artificial person.
  • It's filled with artificial people, with solemn, fake smiles, empty eyes, and briefcases.
  • Their smiles aren't real, they are artificial, paid for by him.
Synonyms
informal pretend, phony, bogus

Origin

late Middle English: from Old French artificiel or Latin artificialis, from artificium 'handicraft' (see artifice).

Derivatives

artificiality

1
Pronunciation: /-ˌfiSHēˈalitē/
noun
Example sentences
  • Gallagher strikes exactly the right note of charm without artificiality, giving the sense that he too is caught up in the magic of a moment that seems to exist outside time and space.
  • He focuses on the contrast between the subject and the medium, using bold, geometric lines to highlight the artificiality of the artist's attempt to represent nature.
  • But perhaps if our view was made to linger on these ‘scenes’ their artificiality would also become more obvious.

artificially

2
adverb
Example sentences
  • The team was able to replace ears, noses, eyes, parts of the upper and lower jaws and teeth artificially.
  • Without artificially high prices the fragile British economy would shatter.
  • This, they argue, is artificially stimulating demand and these huge hidden subsidies are keeping prices low.

Definition of artificial in:

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