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astringent

Syllabification: as·trin·gent
Pronunciation: /əˈstrinjənt
 
/

Definition of astringent in English:

adjective

1Causing the contraction of body tissues, typically of the skin: an astringent skin lotion
More example sentences
  • If your skin cracks open, doctors sometimes prescribe wet dressings with mildly astringent properties to contract the skin, reduce secretions and prevent infection.
  • You will find that this lotion is slightly astringent, leaving your skin feeling cool and delightfully fragrant.
  • It was included, because of its astringent qualities, in skin tonics, and became a principal ingredient in shampoos and hair rinses.
Synonyms
constricting, constrictive, contracting;
2Sharp or severe in manner or style: her astringent words had their effect
More example sentences
  • This is a fine work with all the characteristics of the composer's style: astringent harmonies, strong motor rhythms and lyrical melodies.
  • I see it as more sardonic and astringent, in the manner of Prokofiev.
  • His less astringent manner could help him forge the strategic relationships his father couldn't.
Synonyms
severe, sharp, stern, harsh, acerbic, acidulous, caustic, mordant, trenchant;
scathing, spiteful, cutting, incisive, waspish
2.1(Of taste or smell) sharp or bitter: an astringent smell of rotting apples
More example sentences
  • The bright green fruits are said to have a sour, sweet, bitter, and astringent taste, with a cooling energy.
  • Focus on spicy, bitter and astringent tastes, and reduce sweet, salty and sour-tasting foods.
  • The presence of phenols gives the water a slightly astringent taste and a light orange-yellowish colour.

noun

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A substance that causes the contraction of body tissues, typically used to protect the skin and to reduce bleeding from minor abrasions.
Example sentences
  • Alcohol-based astringents and toners can make skin even drier.
  • They should not try to scrub the lesions away, and they should not use alcohol-based astringents that can dry and irritate their skin.
  • Also, avoid using astringents containing alcohol on anywhere but the most oily patches of skin.

Origin

mid 16th century: from French, from Latin astringent- 'pulling tight', from the verb astringere, from ad- 'toward' + stringere 'bind, pull tight'.

Derivatives

astringency

1
noun
Example sentences
  • It is an important issue because even trained tasters can have trouble distinguishing between bitterness and astringency.
  • There was no distinctive flavour apart from a slight astringency.
  • A warmly lyrical idiom gave place to a gritty astringency that must have been very disturbing to erstwhile admirers.

astringently

2
adverb
sense 2 of the adjective.
Example sentences
  • His use of astringently pretty colors, such as acidic pink and lime green, pushed the paintings toward a kind of industrial picturesque.
  • "Well, this is an interesting change of mind," Sandusky remarked astringently.
  • His novels stood out for being both remarkably well-written and astringently original.

Definition of astringent in:

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