Definition of atheroma in English:

Share this entry

atheroma

Pronunciation: /ˌaTHəˈrōmə/

noun

Medicine
1Degeneration of the walls of the arteries caused by accumulated fatty deposits and scar tissue, and leading to restriction of the circulation and a risk of thrombosis. See also atherosclerosis.
Example sentences
  • The early lesions of calcific degenerative disease resemble atheroma of the coronary artery.
  • If the ultrasound shows stenosis or atheroma, the patient should understand the risks and benefits of the procedure.
  • For subjects who were 45-69 yr of age, Crawford and Crawford reported no difference in the prevalence of extensive atheroma or significant stenosis between residents of hard-water and soft-water areas.
1.1The fatty material that forms plaques in the arteries.
Example sentences
  • Angina happens when the coronary arteries get blocked up with small pieces of fatty material called atheroma.
  • Ultrasound devices provide reliable measurements of lumen size, distensibility, wall thickness, and the presence of atheroma in large arteries.

Derivatives

atheromatous

Pronunciation: /-ˈrämətəs/ Pronunciation: /-ˈrō-/
adjective
Example sentences
  • Additionally, care must be taken when dissecting the carotid vessels to avoid disturbing the atheromatous lesions causing fragmentation and subsequent embolization and stroke.
  • Inflammatory processes are believed to play a role in the conversion of coronary vessel-wall lipids into dangerous atheromatous plaques.
  • This is often induced by physical exertion, and the commonest aetiology is atheromatous coronary artery disease.

Origin

Late 16th century: via Latin from Greek athērōma, from athērē, atharē 'groats'.

For editors and proofreaders

Syllabification: ath·er·o·ma

Share this entry
 

What do you find interesting about this word or phrase?

Comments that don't adhere to our Community Guidelines may be moderated or removed.