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atheroma

Syllabification: ath·er·o·ma
Pronunciation: /ˌaTHəˈrōmə
 
/

Definition of atheroma in English:

noun

Medicine
1Degeneration of the walls of the arteries caused by accumulated fatty deposits and scar tissue, and leading to restriction of the circulation and a risk of thrombosis. See also atherosclerosis.
Example sentences
  • The early lesions of calcific degenerative disease resemble atheroma of the coronary artery.
  • If the ultrasound shows stenosis or atheroma, the patient should understand the risks and benefits of the procedure.
  • For subjects who were 45-69 yr of age, Crawford and Crawford reported no difference in the prevalence of extensive atheroma or significant stenosis between residents of hard-water and soft-water areas.
1.1The fatty material that forms plaques in the arteries.
Example sentences
  • Angina happens when the coronary arteries get blocked up with small pieces of fatty material called atheroma.
  • Ultrasound devices provide reliable measurements of lumen size, distensibility, wall thickness, and the presence of atheroma in large arteries.

Origin

late 16th century: via Latin from Greek athērōma, from athērē, atharē 'groats'.

Derivatives

atheromatous

1
Pronunciation: /-ˈrämətəs, -ˈrō-/
adjective
Example sentences
  • Additionally, care must be taken when dissecting the carotid vessels to avoid disturbing the atheromatous lesions causing fragmentation and subsequent embolization and stroke.
  • Inflammatory processes are believed to play a role in the conversion of coronary vessel-wall lipids into dangerous atheromatous plaques.
  • This is often induced by physical exertion, and the commonest aetiology is atheromatous coronary artery disease.

Definition of atheroma in:

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