verb (atrophies, atrophying, atrophied)[no object]
- 1(Of body tissue or an organ) waste away, typically due to the degeneration of cells, or become vestigial during evolution: without exercise, the muscles will atrophy (as adjective atrophied) in some beetles, the hind wings are atrophiedMore example sentences
- The cells gradually degenerate over a period of time and cause paralysis as muscles atrophy throughout the body.
- The retinal pigment membrane cells slowly degenerate and atrophy, and central vision is lost.
- In addition, your muscles might atrophy and you could have trouble walking.
- 2Gradually decline in effectiveness or vigor due to underuse or neglect: her artistic skills atrophied from lack of useMore example sentences
- For creativity is a muscle that must be worked or it will gradually atrophy and wither.
- It is difficult to envision how this inflationary boom can run smoothly for a sector so atrophied after years of neglect.
- The meeting would have gone well but being a blogger and spending most of my free time online, my social skills have atrophied to the point where I can now barely manage to get served in shops.
nounBack to top
- The process of atrophying or state of having atrophied: gastric atrophy extensive TV viewing may lead to atrophy of children’s imaginationsMore example sentences
- Evaluation of the wrist should begin with identifying erythema, swelling, masses, skin lesions, muscle atrophy, contractures, scars, or other obvious deformities.
- Spinal muscular atrophy is a degenerative condition which is untreatable.
- Physical therapy is directed at preventing atrophy and contractures, and is particularly necessary in patients with calcinosis and muscle involvement.
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- There has also been an increased incidence of atrophic gastritis and achlorhydria in patients with gluten sensitivity.
- If multifocal atrophic gastritis is found, repeat surveillance every one to three years should be considered.
- In atrophic disease, the macula usually shows areas of depigmentation.
Pronunciation: /āˈtrōfik, āˈträfik/adjective
late 16th century: from French atrophier (verb), atrophie (noun), from late Latin atrophia, from Greek, 'lack of food', from a- 'without' + trophē 'food'.