A protein present in the bacterium Halobacterium halobium that transports protons across the cytoplasmic membrane when illuminated.
- Internal structural water molecules seem to play an important role in proton conduction in membrane proteins like bacteriorhodopsin, the photosynthetic reaction center, and cytochrome-c oxydases.
- The integral membrane protein bacteriorhodopsin acts as a light-driven proton pump in the purple membrane of Halobacterium salinarum.
- The membrane protein bacteriorhodopsin, a light-driven proton pump, is a very suitable protein to study proton transfer.
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