Definition of bacterium in English:

bacterium

Syllabification: bac·te·ri·um
Pronunciation: /bakˈti(ə)rēəm
 
/

noun (plural bacteria /-ˈti(ə)rēə/)

A member of a large group of unicellular microorganisms that have cell walls but lack organelles and an organized nucleus, including some that can cause disease.

Bacteria are widely distributed in soil, water, and air, and on or in the tissues of plants and animals. Formerly included in the plant kingdom, they are now classified separately (as prokaryotes). They play a vital role in global ecology, as the chemical changes they bring about include those of organic decay and nitrogen fixation. Much modern biochemical knowledge has been gained from the study of bacteria because they grow easily and reproduce rapidly in laboratory cultures

More example sentences
  • A urine test can also be used to confirm that the bacteria are the Legionella bacteria.
  • The pneumococcal bacterium is the second most common cause of bacterial meningitis.
  • Typhoid fever is a serious infection caused by the bacterium Salmonella typhi.
Synonyms

Origin

mid 19th century: modern Latin, from Greek baktērion, diminutive of baktēria 'staff, cane' (because the first ones to be discovered were rod-shaped). Compare with bacillus.

Derivatives

bacterial

Pronunciation: /-ˈti(ə)rēəl/
adjective
More example sentences
  • Nevertheless, some viable bacterial cells and bacterial and fungal spores are present.
  • Vaccines are made from killed bacteria, detoxified bacterial toxins, or modified viruses.
  • Some illnesses, such as ear infections and diarrhoea, may be either bacterial or viral.

More definitions of bacterium

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Word of the day erroneous
Pronunciation: ɪˈrəʊnɪəs
adjective
wrong; incorrect