An early form of brittle plastic, typically dark brown, made from formaldehyde and phenol, used chiefly for electrical equipment.
- The first synthetic polymer, called Bakelite (a polymer made from phenol and formaldehyde) was invented by Leo Baekeland in 1907.
- The first synthetic polymer produced by a condensation reaction was Bakelite.
- Also, items made of the wartime plastic-like Bakelite material had passed the underwater test of time in very good condition.
Early 20th century: named after Leo H. Baekeland (1863–1944), the Belgian-born American chemist who invented it, + -ite1.
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