Injury caused by a change in air pressure, typically affecting the ear or the lung.
- The most dangerous medical problems are barotrauma to the lungs and decompression sickness, also called ‘the bends.’
- Traumatic perforations of the tympanic membrane can occur because of water accidents, barotrauma, explosions, penetrating injury, or temporal bone fractures.
- Inflation pressures for adults in excess of this are rarely beneficial, and the risk of barotrauma and gastric inflation are similar in adults and children.
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