One of a pair of glands lying near the entrance of the vagina, which secrete a fluid that lubricates the vulva.
- A Bartholin's gland may become enlarged from cystic dilatation, abscess, or adenocarcinoma.
- Because the Bartholin's glands usually shrink during menopause, a vulvar growth in a postmenopausal woman should be evaluated for malignancy, especially if the mass is irregular, nodular, and persistently indurated.
- Excision of the Bartholin's gland should be considered in patients who do not respond to conservative attempts to create a drainage tract, but the procedure should be performed when there is no active infection.
Early 18th century: named by Caspar Bartholin (1655–1738), Danish anatomist, as a tribute to his father.
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Syllabification: Bar·tho·lin's gland
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