There are 2 definitions of bear in English:

bear1

Syllabification: bear
Pronunciation: /be(ə)r
 
/

verb (past bore /bôr/; past participle borne /bôrn/)

[with object]
1(Of a person) carry: he was bearing a tray of brimming glasses the warriors bore lances tipped with iron
More example sentences
  • The shield maiden would bear the maiden warrior's shield in battle, hence the name.
  • The pain of the early hour is alleviated by a member of staff bearing a tray of tea - who will wait until you take the tray, in case the roaming baboons get their hands on your home-baked cookies.
  • The Selfridges car park was given a makeover for the occasion: vehicles were replaced by a catwalk, bright lights and waiters bearing trays of champagne.
Synonyms
1.1(Of a vehicle or boat) convey (passengers or cargo): steamboats bear the traveler out of Kerrerra Sound
More example sentences
  • There, we'd toss in stones to watch the splashes, fill our water pistols with the murky brown water, and float leaf boats bearing wormy passengers.
  • Lester spent a quiet night in the pen getting used to his new look and the next day was hoisted up on the back of a flatbed truck bearing a load of young women in white evening dresses, myself included.
  • It seemed that everyone doubted the market for liquor all the way out here, and that few ships came bearing a load such as ours.
1.2Have or display as a visible mark or feature: a small boat bearing a white flag many of the papers bore his flamboyant signature
More example sentences
  • Paulino Gimenez was cleaning a painting that he believed was by a little known contemporary of Goya's when he uncovered hidden features bearing the unmistakable mark of the Spanish master.
  • Before being freed, she was fitted with a special leg ring bearing unique identification marks, which can be clearly seen through binoculars.
  • Outwardly healthy, the animal bore no visible wounds or signs of illness.
Synonyms
display, exhibit, be marked with, show, carry, have
1.3Be called by (a name or title): he bore the surname Tiller
More example sentences
  • There's an investment banking firm that bears his name.
  • The merchant bank thus created still bears his name - Dresdner Kleinwort Wasserstein.
  • In the literary world, Catriona actually only turns up in Stevenson's sequel to Kidnapped, which bears her name as its title.
1.4 (bear oneself) [with adverbial] Carry or conduct oneself in a particular manner: she bore herself with dignity
More example sentences
  • Yet despite his fierce appearance and the barbarous glint in his eyes, the Chief bore himself with a dignity no less than regal - so much so that Ravenna found her own father paling in comparison.
  • Felicity Jones bears herself with dignity as a well-controlled Mariana.
  • Few were the demonic females he had meet with such a fine physical shell and yet able to bear themselves with such dignity and self-control.
Synonyms
2Support: walls that cannot bear a stone vault
More example sentences
  • You can't possibly blow it up, the mesh is mutually supporting, every girder bears the weight of everything above it.
  • The sheer look in her eyes caused him to lose his balance, letting the wall bear all of his weight for him.
  • It supported nothing, but was stout enough to have once borne a considerable weight, and likely, he thought, to have been a roof beam.
Synonyms
2.1Take responsibility for: no one likes to bear the responsibility for such decisions the expert’s fee shall be borne by the tenant
More example sentences
  • I didn't want to bear the responsibility for this.
  • Somebody in the band needs to bear the responsibility for keeping time, and keeping everybody else in the same ballpark.
  • The bees are moral agents, he argues, and must bear the responsibility for their own actions.
Synonyms
sustain, carry, support, shoulder, absorb, take on
2.2Be able to accept or stand up to: it is doubtful whether either of these distinctions would bear scrutiny
More example sentences
  • Sadly, such a picture does not bear scrutiny, especially in the so-called top clubs, where discrimination on the grounds of age and sex is not only routine, but all too often is revelled in.
  • But to shackle the BBC in the pursuit of original journalism would be entirely wrong - so long as the editorial processes bear scrutiny.
  • The idea that the growing number of clubs standing on football's equivalent of death row are somehow the unfortunate victims of a natural disaster does not bear scrutiny.
Synonyms
withstand, stand up to, stand, put up with, take, cope with, handle, sustain, accept
3Endure (an ordeal or difficulty): she bore the pain stoically
More example sentences
  • But, you see, it's the woman that bears the difficulties of the pregnancy.
  • Barbosa, the keeper who failed to save Brazil from Uruguay in the 1950 final, still bears his disgrace.
  • Those risk-takers who attempt this method bear the ignominy of the dreaded spot if they fail.
3.1 [with modal and negative] Manage to tolerate (a situation or experience): she could hardly bear his sarcasm [with infinitive]: I cannot bear to see you hurt
More example sentences
  • Unable to bear the situation any longer, Zhang Jianya turned to the court, alleging that Zhang Chun had criminally infringed upon his reputation.
  • We all feel that we can no longer bear the situation as it is.
  • It was pouring with rain, so the mouse's hair was all spiky and we picked it up in a glass and took it into the front garden but could hardly bear to put it down because it was so cute.
Synonyms
endure, tolerate, put up with, stand, abide, submit to, experience, undergo, go through, countenance, brave, weather, stomach
informal hack, swallow
formal brook
archaic suffer
3.2 (cannot bear someone/something) Strongly dislike: I can’t bear caviar
More example sentences
  • Rather, women in contemporary India are also ‘subjected to the suppressed anger of the middle-class man’ who ‘needs his wife's salary to savour the goodies, yet cannot bear her independence.’
  • ‘If you cannot bear your name being mentioned in criticisms, then you'd better go home and be an ordinary citizen,’ she said.
  • As Dostoevsky once remarked, Russians cannot bear their own freedom; they seek someone before whom to bend their knee.
4Give birth to (a child): she bore six daughters [with two objects]: his wife had borne him a son
More example sentences
  • I myself had never had sisters or brothers - my mother had lost the ability to bear children at my birth.
  • In 1851 he married Fanny Lucy Wightman, who was to bear six children, three of whom predeceased him.
  • Herschel will leave nothing behind him because his late wife refused to bear children.
Synonyms
give birth to, bring forth, deliver, be delivered of, have, produce, spawn, birth
informal drop
literary beget
4.1(Of a tree or plant) produce (fruit or flowers): a squash that bears fruit shaped like cucumbers
More example sentences
  • But, the birds can be brought back, if the authorities take up the planting of suitable varieties of plants, trees bearing berries and fruit.
  • Plants can bear flowers and fruits at the same time, and die after fruiting.
  • Even the most crooked apple tree can eventually bear good fruit.
Synonyms
produce, yield, give forth, give, grow, provide, supply
5 [no object] Turn and proceed in a specified direction: bear left and follow the old road
More example sentences
  • The path bears right again to curve round under the summit.
  • Nature should have told him that when he heads south from Alaska during his herd's annual autumn migration to warmer water, he has to bear right at San Francisco.
  • The wide forest trail begins to bear west and continues Westerly to the 5K mark which is 100m before the minor trail junction (which leads to the summit road).
Synonyms
veer, curve, swerve, fork, diverge, deviate, turn, bend

Origin

Old English beran, of Germanic origin; from an Indo-European root shared by Sanskrit bharati, Greek pherein, and Latin ferre.

Usage

In the early 17th century, borne and born were simply variant forms of the past participle of bear used interchangeably with no distinction in meaning. By around 1775, however, the present distinction in use had become established. At that time, borne became the standard past participle used in all the senses listed in this dictionary entry, e.g., she has borne you another son, the findings have been borne out, and so on. Born became restricted to just one very common use (which remains the case today), in the passive, without by, as the standard, neutral way to refer to birth: she was born in 1965, he was born lucky, or I was born and bred in Boston.

Phrases

be borne in upon

Come to be realized by: the folly of her action was borne in on her with devastating precision
More example sentences
  • The truth has been borne in upon them through their own brave stand that there can be no normal sport in an abnormal society.
  • The truth of that observation will, I think, be borne in on anyone who has watched the BBC tape, as I have.
  • As I listened it began to be borne in on me that he was talking complete nonsense, and that I had better have a bit of a think about it.

bear arms

1Carry firearms.
More example sentences
  • Licensed firearm holders could bear arms still.
  • For all of the foregoing reasons, we now hold there is a state created right to bear arms which includes the right to carry a handgun with a license, provided that all of the requirements of the Indiana Firearms Act are met.
  • Under a federal statute, Bean was entitled to have the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, and Firearms consider his application for restoration of his right to bear arms.
2Wear or display a coat of arms.
More example sentences
  • They were staunch Jacobites, and even after Culloden they continued to bear arms and wear the white cockade.
  • Although daughters and sons inherit the right to bear arms for themselves personally, the right passes only through the male line: hence, a son transmits the arms to his children, but a daughter, while bearing them for herself, does not transmit them to her children.
  • Obviously proving one's right to bear Arms had significant impact, both economically and socially on a family.

bear the brunt of

see brunt.

bear the burden of

Suffer the consequences of.
More example sentences
  • If so, why do taxpayers need to substantially bear the burden of liability in case of accidents?
  • The software architecture bears the burden of explicitly monitoring safety-critical data to ensure that the data has not been corrupted.
  • It is not only mothers who suffer when they fail to rise to the challenge of working what amounts to a double shift, since it is they who must bear the double burden of working and raising a family.

bear fruit

Yield positive results: plans for power-sharing may be about to bear fruit
More example sentences
  • His experience of Japan in 1937-38 and his own exhibition on Tokyo bore fruit in his Mussoorie productions.
  • His steady and competent effort bore fruit beyond estimate and stand today in near and distant places as generous monuments to his skill.
  • Despite their doubts in his project, his strong sense of faith bore fruit and now, 30 years on, his son continues the work and people from far and near visit his orchard
Synonyms
yield results, get results, succeed, meet with success, be successful, be effective, be profitable, work, go as planned
informal pay off, come off, pan out, do the trick

bear someone a grudge

Nurture a feeling of resentment against someone.
More example sentences
  • In Ruff's architectural photographs, and especially in his stereographs, it is precisely the absence of an overt uncanniness, of a suggestion that the world is alive and bearing us a grudge, that is uncanny.
  • Asked by Gamble, prosecuting, if she bore Insp Frost a grudge, Percy said: ‘I don't bear a grudge against him.‘
  • Around that time, Aston showed his cruel streak by sawing off the hand of a soldier just because he bore him a grudge.

bear a hand

archaic Help in a task or enterprise.
More example sentences
  • Although it is not experienced in every part of the world, it also bears a hand in the battle for food.
  • When danger threatened there was resort to prayer, but work soon followed as the passengers bore a hand with the crew.
  • With us the demands of ship work on our bare minimum crews do not allow of a duty signaller; he must bear a hand with the rest to straighten out the day's work.

bear someone malice (or ill will)

[with negative] Wish someone harm.
More example sentences
  • If one therefore bore ill will towards someone then it follows that we would wish to injure them, and our intention towards them would be destructive or evil.
  • Geser tells a tale about the Virgin of Byzantium to whom somebody bore ill will and put a spell.
  • But I don't know one veteran in my chapter who bears ill will against the Vietnamese people.

bear a resemblance (or similarity) to

Resemble.
More example sentences
  • What you need is a disguise that bears a resemblance to, say, Alan Dershowitz - an attorney who prefers rich, famous clients and seems to spend more time in broadcast studios than courtrooms.
  • Main's method of meditation bears a similarity to, but has some differences from, centering prayer as practiced and taught by Keating.
  • The bolt shroud is Mauser-like but with a three position horizontal safety, which bears a resemblance to that of the Winchester M70.

bear a relation (or relationship) to

[with negative] Be logically consistent with: the map didn’t seem to bear any relation to the roads
More example sentences
  • In fact, very little of what happens in Dreamer bears a relationship to something that happened in real life, so the ‘true story’ part of the equation is a red herring.
  • All lost weight, but the amount of weight lost bore no relation to whether participants were on a diet or not.
  • At various points in his book, he declares himself incensed by the presumption that the Iris by his side is not Iris, but a generic Alzheimer's sufferer who bears no real relation to that entity.

bear the stamp of

Be clearly identifiable with: every work of mine must inevitably bear the stamp of my own personality
More example sentences
  • The Christian miracles, he felt, clearly bore the stamp of God upon them.
  • Poe's ‘tales of terror’ are both horrifying and unforgettable; they bear the stamp of deeply felt nightmares.
  • Although the taxation policy clearly bears the stamp of the Freedom Party, it has stirred up opposition within the party's ranks.

bear witness (or testimony) to

Testify to: little is left to bear witness to the past greatness of the city
More example sentences
  • The monument bears witness to 54 women who have gone missing from downtown Vancouver streets - some 15 miles from the farm - in the last two decades.
  • And I'd also add that the experience of Matt Cooper, who I represent, sort of bears witness to what can happen.
  • I think the California energy crisis a few years back bears testimony to that.
Synonyms
testify to, be evidence of, be proof of, attest to, evidence, prove, vouch for; demonstrate, show, establish, indicate, reveal, bespeak

does not bear thinking about

Is too terrible to contemplate.
More example sentences
  • The distress suffered by the residents - elderly residents of that home - doesn't bear thinking about.
  • The fact we could have been in there doesn't bear thinking about.
  • I think it is a horrible, awful road; yesterday's crash just doesn't bear thinking about.

grin and bear it

see grin.

have one's cross to bear

see cross.

Phrasal verbs

bear away

another way of saying bear off.

bear down

(Of a woman in labor) exert downward pressure in order to push the baby out.
More example sentences
  • She could feel the pressure bearing down; she so desperately wanted to push but prior experience told her not to.
  • The uncontrollable urge to push took over and I bore down hard.
  • ‘Some women actually worsen incontinence problems by bearing down rather than pulling the muscle up and in,’ she says.
Put pressure on someone or something: he bore down and allowed the Bears only one more run

bear down on

Move quickly toward someone, in a purposeful or an intimidating manner.
More example sentences
  • Standing up, Matt almost missed his chance as Haldis bore down on him quickly, but he leapt up as the assassin approached, his right foot sailing into the air at the side of the killer's head.
  • When Harry saw her bearing down on him with an intent look he quickly scarpered and spent the rest of the evening hiding from her.
  • Alone or in clusters, attackers bear down on him at breakneck speed, their razor-sharp blades ripping into the white ice.
Synonyms
advance on, close in on, move in on, converge on
Take strict measures to deal with: a commitment to bear down on inflation
More example sentences
  • This support was not just for the benefits that membership would bring in bearing down on inflation, but also for the fiscal discipline and wider advantages it would bring, particularly for business.
  • The purpose of the operation is to bear down on what we believe to be concentrations of insurgents and their equipment.
  • This scheme appears to contradict the commitment to bear down on night noise.

bear off

Sailing Change course away from the wind.
More example sentences
  • Then bear off slightly, steering away from the wind (tiller away from the sails) until the sail just stops luffing.
  • Of course, once you catch a wave be sure to bear off and use it to sail down to the mark and increase your VMG.
  • Suddenly she leapt into overdrive as I bore off 20 or so degrees to allow for the extra sail area and increase in apparent wind.
Nautical Steer away from something, typically the land.
More example sentences
  • A Cuban patrol boat trailed the H-11, but bore off, apparently discouraged by the flag.
  • This tactic may also force a trailing boat to bear off below you to avoid hitting your transom, putting them in your disturbed air.
  • Now you are the leeward boat, and they must stop bearing off, or they will hit and foul you.

bear on

Be relevant to (something): two kinds of theories that bear on literary studies
More example sentences
  • Hendrickson skillfully incorporates relevant readings that bear on whether or not WPR requirements were met.
  • This study has absolutely no bearing on the relative therapeutic potency of butterbur and cetirizine in hay fever.
  • A direct consequence of this theory of embryological origin bears on the question of species transformism.
Synonyms
be relevant to, appertain to, pertain to, relate to, have a bearing on, have relevance to, apply to, be pertinent to
[with adverbial] Be a burden on (someone): a tax that will bear heavily on poorer households
More example sentences
  • These last are the levies which bear most heavily on the poor, who pay no income tax.
  • In fruits and vegetables, the stimulation of ethylene production by cuts or bruises may be very large and bear considerably on storage effectiveness.
  • Immigrant children and youth are the fastest growing segment of the U.S. population, and so their prospects bear heavily on the well-being of the country.

bear something out

Support or confirm something: this assumption is not borne out by any evidence
More example sentences
  • I know that the Minister will bear these figures out and support me in this, because the growth in vehicle traffic grows greater than inflation every year.
  • Lai notes that the mathematical treatment was as realistic as possible, using the full so-called Navier-Stokes fluid mechanics equation, but he hopes that experimental confirmation will bear the scheme out.
  • Election problems in various states such as Ohio, Virginia, Texas, California, and Florida bear them out, justifying a growing unease with electronic voting.
Synonyms

bear up

Remain cheerful in the face of adversity: she’s bearing up remarkably well
More example sentences
  • It's a learning experience for sure, something you have to bear up for and get through.
  • In my mind, dignity comes from bearing up under suffering we meet throughout our lives rather than letting it destroy us, and from facing fears rather than caving in to them.
  • Through it all, Ho has been bearing up as well as he can.

bear with

Be patient or tolerant with.
More example sentences
  • At least till then, the Usilampatti hospital patients may have to bear with the bread.
  • Be completely humble and gentle; be patient bearing with one another in love.
  • He begins to suffer from confusion, which he bears with great patience and the most moving anxiety.
Synonyms
be patient with, show forbearance toward, make allowances for, tolerate, put up with, endure

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Word of the day semblance
Pronunciation: ˈsɛmbləns
noun
the outward appearance or apparent form of something…

There are 2 definitions of bear in English:

bear2

Syllabification: bear
Pronunciation: /
 
be(ə)r/

noun

1A large, heavy, mammal that walks on the soles of its feet, with thick fur and a very short tail. Bears are related to the dog family, but most species are omnivorous.
  • Family Ursidae: several genera and species
More example sentences
  • Recent DNA analysis indicates that giant pandas are more closely related to bears and red pandas are more closely related to raccoons.
  • The five national and sixty six provincial parks contain a healthy population of bighorn sheep, mountain goats, elk, bears, wolves, bison and woodland caribou.
  • Polar bears are closely related to bears like the grizzly, but are considered marine mammals since they have adopted a marine lifestyle.
Synonyms
1.1A teddy bear.
More example sentences
  • So, you could say I am having the best of my childhood now, buying bears, jigsaw puzzles, paper dolls and what have you.
  • It has raised more than £1m through the sale of toy bears.
  • Howard handed Schwarzenegger a pair of RM Williams boots, while the governor gave the Australian leader a toy bear.
1.2 informal A rough, unmannerly, or uncouth person.
More example sentences
  • ‘I go out with my mates a lot,’ she says when I suggest she might just be a little bit of a square bear.
  • He can't come across as the bad news bear, lest people decide they don't want to listen to doomsday prophesies for the next four years.
  • This time Mrs. Blade calls in and she is a bear in the morning.
1.3A large, heavy, cumbersome man: a lumbering bear of a man
More example sentences
  • It's not fun, it does hurt, abominably, and I do feel like a lumbering bear, huffing and puffing like Pooh on a bad day.
  • Did you ever hear someone describe a big, lumbering, warm-hearted bear of a guy?
  • When you spend a good time alone, like a week, without hardly saying a word to anyone, with hardly any phone calls, you tend to retreat into lumbering bear mode.
1.4 (the Bear) informal A nickname for Russia.
1.5 (the Bear) The constellation Ursa Major or Ursa Minor.
More example sentences
  • They are the big and little bears, Ursa Major and Ursa Minor, and they are among the best known constellations.
  • See a sky map of this "Little Bear" constellation (also known as the Little Dipper), learn its major stars' names, and read a description.
  • People from many different cultures have known about the two bear constellations from ancient times, but not everyone thought they were bears.
2 Stock Market A person who forecasts that prices of stocks or commodities will fall, especially a person who sells shares hoping to buy them back later at a lower price: [as modifier]: bear markets Often contrasted with bull1 (sense 2) of the noun).
[said to be from a proverb warning against 'selling the bear's skin before one has caught the bear']
More example sentences
  • The same also holds true if bears push prices down but cannot achieve a close near the low, in which case a buy signal is issued.
  • But the bears priced at the bottom level will not be vintage, and certainly will not be by any of these makers.
  • If prices fall to a new low but bear power shows a higher bottom, prices are falling and bears become weaker.

Origin

Old English bera; related to Dutch beer and German Bär.

Phrases

loaded for bear

North American informal Fully prepared for any eventuality, typically a confrontation or challenge.
More example sentences
  • Now, additionally armed with the Sony DSC-T1 pocket camera, I'm 5 megapixels across the board and loaded for bear.
  • We're in the midst of a major exercise and the B52's are all prepped and ready to go; loaded for bear and ready to crush an imaginary foe.
  • Sure, several nations are now loaded for bear, but they all insist that they would never be the first to touch off a nuclear conflict.

More definitions of bear

Definition of bear in: