An English-based pidgin language used as a lingua franca in Fiji and the Solomon Islands and as an official language in Vanuatu. Also called Beach-la-mar.
- Even in cases where a Creole has status as a national or official language, as Bislama, for instance, does in Vanuatu, or Haitian Creole French does in Haiti, this does not guarantee the use of Creoles in wider society.
- Alongside Bislama, English and French are recognized as ‘official languages.’
- With hundreds of traditional languages, literacy levels are low, including in the third official language, Bislama, a form of pidgin English.
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