Any of a series of unstable binary compounds of boron and hydrogen, analogous to the alkanes. The simplest example is diborane, B2H6.
- The number of ‘boranes’ (hydrides of boron) that have been synthesized illustrates this rich chemistry.
- Use hydrogen and halogens as terminal atoms (except for boranes and interhalogen compounds) and then use the least electronegative atom as the central atom.
- More important, the change in thermodynamic properties means that driving the reaction in the opposite direction—regenerating the ammonia borane by somehow putting hydrogen back—becomes less difficult, at least in theory.
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