Definition of bottom in English:

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Pronunciation: /ˈbädəm/


(usually the bottom)
1The lowest point or part: the bottom of the page she paused at the bottom of the stairs
More example sentences
  • They've signposted content with clear navigation and put neat section headers at the bottom of the front page.
  • Instead of covering this as if it were the top story, put it on the bottom of the front page.
  • At the bottom of the front page is a box stating: ‘As always, your feedback is very welcome.’
foot, lowest part, lowest point, base;
foundation, substructure, underpinning
1.1The lowest surface on the inside of a container: place the fruit on the bottom of the dish
More example sentences
  • So I threw it into the bottom of the bin and covered it with a pile of old Canberra Times.
  • They're too tough, and the husk is still attached, and I always end up leaving them at the bottom of the container.
  • One trick I have learnt is to put some bulbs at the bottom of the container so they flower in spring.
underside, underneath, undersurface, undercarriage, underbelly
1.2The part on which a thing rests; the underside: he sat on the bottom of an upturned bucket
More example sentences
  • The bottom of the pedestal rested upon the square four-inch-high base, of which one side apparently gave way under pressure.
  • It does flare out again below the side bars, but that is most likely to give it a solid square bottom to rest on.
  • The bottom of your heart sits just above the diaphragm and your lungs surround the heart on the sides.
1.3The ground under a sea, river, or lake: the liner plunged to the bottom of the sea
More example sentences
  • Many trolleys removed from supermarkets return damaged or end up at the bottom of a local lake or river.
  • Their fertile farmland now lay at the bottom of the lake.
  • ‘I had my suspicions that there might be relics from the film at the bottom of the river,’ he says.
floor, bed
1.4 (also bottoms) another term for bottomland.
Example sentences
  • Beesley explains that the frantic mining had huge impacts on rivers and valley bottoms.
  • It is primarily restricted to flat or sloping grasslands, often along valley bottoms or areas adjacent to vernal pools.
1.5The seat of a chair.
1.6The lowest position in a competition or ranking: he started at the bottom and now has his own business
More example sentences
  • I know schools can be transformative - even for those at the bottom of the ladder.
  • The settlement gives more to higher grade officers then it does to those at the bottom of the ladder.
  • In the arena of open competition, the talkers are quickly moved to the bottom of the rankings.
lowest position, lowest level
1.7The basis or origin: there’s a mad scientist at the bottom of it all
More example sentences
  • What's so interesting is there's money at the bottom of it, and if your mom will give you a quarter you can make a wish.
  • And there is something going on with him, but I'm not sure any of us are at the bottom of it yet.
  • But at the bottom of it all, there is a very different view about what should be done in this country.
1.8 (also bottoms) The lower half of a two-piece garment: pajama bottoms a skimpy bikini bottom
More example sentences
  • She still had an hour and a half, so she dressed in pajama bottoms and a shirt she stole from Vince's bag.
  • She had changed from her mini skirt into pajama bottoms and a tight-fitting t-shirt that had an unprintable logo on it.
  • Closing the basement door, she quickly changed into a pair of green pajama bottoms and a white tank top.
1.9The lowest part of the hull of a ship, especially the relatively flat portion on either side of the keel.
1.10 archaic A ship, especially considered as a unit of transport capacity.
1.11 archaic Stamina or strength of character, especially of a horse.
2 informal The buttocks: he climbs the side of the gorge, scratching his bottom unselfconsciously
More example sentences
  • At birth the newborn emerges into a world suddenly filled with sensations, including possibly a slap on the bottom.
  • As Vernon explains, the slow, rhythmic grinding, bumping and shaking is great for toning bottoms, abdominal muscles, thighs, backs and arms.
  • But, more to the point, do we really want the old blokes of the future to have cheeks as soft as babies' bottoms; to have foreheads as smooth as velvet and, overall, to appear as rugged as a sand dune?
rear, rear end, backside, seat, buttocks, rump, derrière
informal cheeks, behind, butt, booty, fanny, keister, tush, tochus, tail, buns, caboose, duff, heinie, ass, fundament, posterior, gluteus maximus, sit-upon, stern
British informal bum, arse
Anatomy  nates
3 Baseball The second half of an inning: the bottom of the ninth
More example sentences
  • Taiwan scored its first run in the bottom of the second inning with two consecutive hits.
  • With the score tied in the bottom of the ninth inning and a runner on second base, the batter hits a ball over the right-field fence.
  • Imagine you're a baseball pitcher and you're walking back out onto the mound to pitch in the bottom of the ninth inning.
4 Physics One of six flavors of quark.
Example sentences
  • Each quark can be chosen from any of six flavours: up, down, strange, charm, bottom and top.
  • B-mesons are similar to neutral kaons but consist of an anti-down quark and a heavy bottom quark.


1In the lowest position: the books on the bottom shelf
More example sentences
  • So I've just put everything on the bottom shelf in the cupboard.
  • One of the best magazines we discovered was not at Frieze but tucked away on the bottom shelf of the bookshop at Tate Modern.
  • The children's books have occupied the bottom shelves where children can easily access them.
lowest, last, bottommost
technical basal
1.1In the lowest or last position in a competition or ranking: households in the bottom income bracket
More example sentences
  • You might want to temporarily cut rates for the bottom two income brackets.
  • The top two from each pool will progress to the cup competition, while the bottom two will get a second bite of the cherry in the plate.
  • Canada is increasingly divided between the few who have much and a growing bottom class that has little.


[no object]
(Of a performance or situation) reach the lowest point before stabilizing or improving: interest rates have bottomed out
More example sentences
  • Although the situation has improved since bottoming out in 1998, the number of people facing the threat of poverty is from 30 percent to 60 percent of the population.
  • ‘While the vacancy rate in Dublin is still relatively high in a European context, there is evidence that the situation is now bottoming out,’ Hunt said.
  • One author predicted that the Dow is likely to fall as much as ninety-eight percent in early 2000s, and the market will probably not bottom out until it reaches a level of ninety-five.



at bottom

Basically; fundamentally: at bottom, science is exploration
More example sentences
  • Likewise, we want Harry Angel to have, at bottom, a pure heart.
  • We rest, at bottom, on the inherent dignity of the individual.
  • This is because corruption is not at bottom simply a matter of law; rather it is fundamentally a matter of morality.

bet your bottom dollar

informal Stake everything: you can bet your bottom dollar it’ll end in tears
More example sentences
  • Maybe there won't be the obligatory made-for-TV movies in the next few months but you can bet your bottom dollar that some ‘documentary’ directors will be banging on his front door.
  • If this is perceived by some people as a success in England, then you can bet your bottom dollar that it will be introduced in Scotland soon enough as well.
  • And on top of that you can bet your bottom dollar that we won't be rushing to get your car ready after this outburst.

the bottom falls (or drops) out

Collapse or failure occurs: the bottom fell out of the market for classic cars
More example sentences
  • It's not like he signs it and the bottom falls out of the market.
  • Consumer confidence edged lower for the last three months, but the level of confidence remains strong and that's probably going to continue, unless the bottom falls out of the labor market.
  • Without that the bottom falls out of our value system and invites nihilism.

bottoms up!

informal A call to finish one’s drink.
Example sentences
  • After largely ignoring the typed speech, he came to the end of his comments by saying: ‘I am declaring this plant officially open, so it's bottoms up!’
  • From the looks of you, it seems to me that you might be a big drinker. Bottoms up?

from the bottom of one's heart

see heart.

from the bottom up

Starting at the lower end or beginning of a hierarchy or process and proceeding to the top or to completion: we began to study history from the bottom up
More example sentences
  • The historical process has unfolded from the bottom up.
  • But, in a process described as working from the bottom up, three codes were drawn up by the relevant industries.
  • They are wrong in assuming either approach could offer a stable alternative to the long process of building democracy from the bottom up.

get to the bottom of

Find an explanation for (a mystery): he hopes to get to the bottom of the scam
More example sentences
  • Anyway, with the hopes of getting to the bottom of the house buzzing mystery, I typed up a letter to the residents of the building and dropped it in their mail slot.
  • Like Larry Tate in Bewitched, which ran on ABC at the same time, the senior man in I Dream Of Jeannie never quite got to the bottom of all the mysteries surrounding his underling.
  • Unfortunately whether or not John McLaurin got to the bottom of the mystery of Volusia County is something the memos cannot tell us.
origin, cause, root, source, basis, foundation;
heart, kernel;



Pronunciation: /ˈbädə(m)ˌmōst/
Example sentences
  • It is common in geology to regard the age of the bottommost organic sediments in wetlands as minimal estimates for the time of deglaciation or withdrawal of proglacial water bodies.
  • Lastly, about the bottommost right portion of a web page, many people are actually having a hard time figuring out how to include the keywords in this section.
  • You just pour melted chocolate into the bottommost bowl.


Old English botm, of Germanic origin; related to Dutch bodem 'bottom, ground' and German Boden 'ground, earth'.

  • booty from Late Middle English:

    The original core meaning of booty was ‘to distribute’. Victors in war divided the booty stolen from an enemy among themselves. The modern American word meaning ‘a person's bottom or buttocks’ is unconnected. It is probably an alteration of botty (late 19th century) in the same sense, itself an alteration of bottom, an Old English word used for the buttocks since the late 18th century. If someone urges you to shake your booty, they want you to dance energetically. A sexy woman has been bootylicious since 1994, although the word was popularized by the single of the same name by Destiny's Child in 2001.

Words that rhyme with bottom


For editors and proofreaders

Syllabification: bot·tom

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