noun (plural bougies)Medicine
- Patients are placed under local or general anesthesia and the stricture is dilated using a flexible gastroscope and Savary bougies.
- A rigid bronchoscopy was performed under general anaesthesia, and the trachea was serially dilated with bougies until it was large enough to accommodate a 6.5 mm uncuffed tracheal tube.
- In the past, surgeons used a rectal bougie to identify the rectum; however, this instrument no longer is used routinely.
Mid 18th century: from French, literally 'wax candle', from Arabic Bijāya, the name of an Algerian town that traded in wax.
adjectiveUS informal, often , derogatory
- I wonder whether my daughters will install carpeting in their townhomes because hardwood floors are bougie and lame.
- Dad didn't like it 'cause it was too bougie and gentrified and full of tourists and rich hippies.
- Now he's a comfortable bourgie college administrator, but he had some great stories.
1960s (originally in African-American usage): from bourgeois.
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