Share this entry

Share this page

bourg

Syllabification: bourg
Pronunciation: /bo͝orɡ
 
/

Definition of bourg in English:

noun

historical
1A town or village under the shadow of a castle.
Example sentences
  • The settlers were moving out on their own, creating new social units - manors, lordships, abbeys, bourgs - where none had existed before.
  • Only in very special circumstances could either castle or bourg flourish in the absence of nearby manors to sustain them.
  • The city achieves its own administrative union in 1423, by the ‘Union privilege’, which puts an end to a long history of internal problems between the civitas and the two bourgs.
1.1A French market town.
Example sentences
  • In contrast, most southern industry was artisanal and centred in small towns: in the bourgs around Brignoles, for example, there were perfumeries, soap and paper works, and tanneries (fifteen in Barjols alone).
  • Armed mobilizations usually originated in small towns or market bourgs and involved large numbers of rural communes, while unarmed crowds gathered mainly in cities and towns.
  • Furthermore, rebels in the towns and market bourgs planned the mobilizations of nearby rural communes and they organized regional gatherings in their own localities.

Origin

French, from late Latin burgus 'castle' (in medieval Latin 'fortified town'), ultimately of Germanic origin and related to borough.

Share this entry

Share this page

 

What do you find interesting about this word or phrase?

Comments that don't adhere to our Community Guidelines may be moderated or removed.

Get more from Oxford Dictionaries

Subscribe to remove adverts and access premium resources

Word of the day cumbersome
Pronunciation: ˈkʌmbəs(ə)m
adjective
large or heavy and therefore difficult to carry…