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bourgeois

Syllabification: bour·geois
Pronunciation: /bo͝orˈZHwä
 
, ˈbo͝orZHwä
 
/

Definition of bourgeois in English:

adjective

1Of or characteristic of the middle class, typically with reference to its perceived materialistic values or conventional attitudes: a rich, bored, bourgeois family these views will shock the bourgeois critics
More example sentences
  • What is remembered is their immorality and their rejection of bourgeois values applied to family, society and the formal concept of beauty.
  • In fact, throughout the 19th century, the French state was a bourgeois state which echoed middle-class needs and values.
  • Illegitimacy, welfare dependency, and criminality were more prevalent than in the South, with its much stronger bourgeois values.
Synonyms
1.1(In Marxist contexts) upholding the interests of capitalism; not communist: bourgeois society took for granted the sanctity of property
More example sentences
  • The social democrats gambled on bourgeois democracy and the stability of capitalism.
  • British capitalism is a bourgeois democracy, and both bits of that label are important.
  • At one point, Communists said that bourgeois democracy was a step forward from feudalism.
Synonyms
capitalistic, materialistic, money-oriented, commercial

noun (plural same)

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A bourgeois person: a self-confessed and proud bourgeois
More example sentences
  • At the end of 1968, a group of student rebels accused Li of being a ‘newly born bourgeois.’
  • The play fails as tragedy not because Willy is a struggling bourgeois rather than a man of stature, but because he lacks the element of choice. He is a victim, not an anti-hero.
  • The rise of relativism, and its inevitable corollary, nihilism, represents the triumph of the bourgeois.
Synonyms
member of the middle class, property owner

Origin

mid 16th century: from French bourg. Compare with burgess.

More
  • borough from (Old English):

    The early words burg and burh meant ‘a fortress’. Later they became ‘a fortified town’ and eventually ‘town’, ‘district’. Burgh is a Scots form. Burgher (mid 16th century) meaning ‘inhabitant of a borough’ was reinforced by Dutch burger, from burg ‘castle’. Bourgeois (late 17th century) adopted from French (from late Latin burgus ‘castle’) is related. An animal's defensive place, its burrow (Middle English) is a variant of borough.

Words that rhyme with bourgeois

pourboireabattoir • Boyce, choice, Joyce, pro-choice, rejoice, Royce, voice

Definition of bourgeois in:

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