Definition of burst in English:

burst

Syllabification: burst
Pronunciation: /bərst
 
/

verb (past and past participle burst)

[no object]
  • 1(Of a container) break suddenly and violently apart, spilling the contents, typically as a result of an impact or internal pressure: we inflated dozens of balloons and only one burst
    More example sentences
    • It swells considerably and has to be pricked with a needle to release the internal pressure and avoid bursting.
    • Hoses that burst apart under pressure, or leaked copiously, were another problem faced by fire fighters.
    • The pain and agony she kept within her ruptured forth, much like an overflowing dam that finally burst under excruciating pressure.
    Synonyms
  • 1.1 [with object] Cause to break, especially by puncturing: he burst the balloon in my face
    More example sentences
    • Making his eyeballs pop and his blood vessels burst and his organs fry.
  • 1.2 [with object] (Of contents) break open (a container) from the inside by growing too large to be held: the swollen river was expected to burst its banks
    More example sentences
    • Frost expands the water in clay soils, which bursts the heavy clods apart.
    • The authority might be able to take some measures to cut the risk of properties being inundated when the beck bursts its banks, a leading councillor has revealed.
    • This is in sharp contrast to the rainy season, when the raging water yearly bursts its banks and floods thousands of houses near the river.
  • 1.3 [with object] Suffer from the sudden breaking of (a bodily organ or vessel): he burst a blood vessel during a fit of coughing
    More example sentences
    • Destined to become so outraged by fellow Republicans telling him his best move is to quit, he's going to burst a blood vessel.
    • He thought his mother was going to burst a blood vessel.
    • I burst a blood vessel in my eye last night during a relaxing dream!
  • 1.4Be so full as almost to break open: the drawers were bursting with clothes
    More example sentences
    • This time, the section was full to bursting with interesting stuff.
    • I think it's time we sorted out the kitchen cupboards, they're all full to bursting with even more stuff piled on top.
    • As his mouth was stuffed full to bursting with food, he was barely coherent.
  • 1.5Feel a very strong or irrepressible emotion or impulse: he was bursting with joy and excitement [with infinitive]: she was bursting to say something
    More example sentences
    • I'm bursting with much emotion here, so please bear with me if it sounds like I'm rambling like a mad man!
    • Splendidly pretty and bursting with emotion, this song is the work of a grown-up songwriter who still isn't afraid to cry.
    • His features were deadpan but his voice was bursting with emotion.
  • 1.6Suddenly begin doing something as an expression of a strong feeling: if anyone said anything to upset me, I’d burst out crying she burst into a fresh flood of tears
    More example sentences
    • Her friend nodded wordlessly, and the two of them burst into tears and began hugging each other.
    • My sister was standing at the sink attacking our mountain of dirty dishes when she suddenly burst out laughing.
    • Suddenly he burst out laughing, making total strangers jump in shock.
    Synonyms
    break out in, launch into, erupt in, have a fit ofexclaim, blurt, cry, shout, yell
    dated ejaculate
  • 1.7Issue suddenly and uncontrollably, as though from a splitting container: the words burst from him in an angry rush an aircraft crashed and burst into flames
    More example sentences
    • He saw Ken's soft, caring eyes squeeze shut and watched as nervous tears uncontrollably burst from them.
    • I stood on the front step of the cottage, tears threatening to burst from my eyes as Sol and I said goodbye.
    • Tears burst from his own eyes and he ended up gripping his little son more for his benefit than the boy's.
    Synonyms
    break, erupt, surge, gush, rush, stream, flow, pour, spill; spout, spurt, jet, spew
  • 1.8Be opened suddenly and forcibly: a door burst open and a girl raced out
    More example sentences
    • Suddenly the door bursts open, a gust of wind blows snow into the room, and a man with a bushy beard and camel-skin tunic strides in.
    • Suddenly the front door burst open and Zax came running in.
    • Suddenly the doors burst open and Marguerite jumped with fear.
  • 1.9 [with adverbial of direction] Make one’s way suddenly and typically violently: he burst into the room without knocking
    More example sentences
    • He didn't move when Tina burst into the room, her usual bubbly self.
    • As he burst forward, I moved to close him down but I only succeeded in getting a toe to the ball.
    • Beverly suddenly burst into the room, looking livid, as always.
    Synonyms
  • 1.10 [with object] Separate (continuous stationery) into single sheets.
    More example sentences
    • A folding forms tray is provided to hold forms to be burst.
    • It is desirable that bursting apparatus be capable of properly bursting all business forms used.
    • This burster will burst and trim over 1,000 11-in. (279mm) deep forms in less than 10 minutes, and is ideally suited to processing short runs.

noun

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  • 1An instance of breaking or splitting as a result of internal pressure or puncturing; an explosion.
    More example sentences
    • She jumps when the small explosive bursts, splitting the wood in half as intended, and Ted smiles, laughs, and then walks her through the process again.
    • A burst of force broke the ground next to them, and a huge, snake-like creature sprouted above ground.
    • The blast was followed by smaller grenade explosions and bursts of automatic fire that lasted for several minutes.
    Synonyms
    explosion, detonation, blast, eruption, bangvolley, salvo, fusillade, barrage, discharge; hail, rain
  • 1.1A sudden issuing forth: her breath was coming in short bursts
    More example sentences
    • IT has been designed to depict the explosive burst of speed at the firing of a sprinter's starting pistol.
    • I won't even delve into the profanities this elicited in explosive bursts as I read his latest missive taking me to task for this or that.
    • For a start, Tyson in his distant prime attacked in explosive bursts of four, five or six punches, sequences demanding timing and vigour long beyond his capacity.
  • 1.2A sudden outbreak, typically short and often violent or noisy: a sudden burst of activity he heard a burst of gunfire
    More example sentences
    • A sudden burst of laughter was heard as David almost fell down.
    • A sudden burst of laughter spurted out of Leanne's mouth and the group joined along.
    • He uses sonic cues and sudden bursts of noise (laughter, yelling, the blast of a gun) to suggest and confirm the nature of the story.
    Synonyms
    outbreak, eruption, flare-up, blaze, attack, fit, rush, gale, storm, surge, upsurge, spurt
  • 1.3A short, sudden, and intense effort: he sailed 474 miles in one 24-hour burst
    More example sentences
    • A well-taught boxing circuit class, which involves intense bursts of skipping, abdominal exercises, sparring and bag work, is a fast way to shed excess pounds.
    • They tend to work in fairly intense bursts and argue that entitlements such as time and a half will add 2.5 to 3 percent to their wage bills.
    • They, and the man taking their pictures, are snatching moments between bursts of intense, backbreaking work.

Phrases

burst someone's bubble

see bubble.
More example sentences
  • The other part of me was worried that Betty might not believe me, or even if she did, might resent me for being the one to burst her bubble and it could ruin the close relationship we now shared.
  • But when it comes right to your doorstep and bursts your bubble, well that's a different story.
  • Men may like to keep this myth going, but I'm bursting your bubble, boys.

Origin

Old English berstan, of Germanic origin; related to Dutch bersten, barsten.

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