Definition of Caesar in English:

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Pronunciation: /ˈsēzər/


1A title used by Roman emperors, especially those from Augustus to Hadrian.
Example sentences
  • Today's Vatican is a creation of the great Renaissance popes, who used the symbolism of the Rome of the Caesars to dominate the Roman barons and establish Rome as the seat of the church.
  • These passages could be seen in the socio-political sweep of their emperors, Caesars, and pharaons as case studies in forced labor and territorial control.
  • Perhaps 40 years ago the rich hired courtroom sketch artists; perhaps in Roman times the Caesars commanded artisans to instantly fix the event in mosaic tiles.
1.1An autocrat.
Example sentences
  • Treat any chief executive as a Caesar and pretty soon he'll behave like one.
  • You are acting as a Ceasar of territories, conquering land and sea to gain control of the Empire.
  • Do you see yourself as a Ceasar?
2 Medicine , informal A Caesarean section.


Caesar's wife

A person who is required to be above suspicion.
With reference to Plutarch's Caesar ( x. 6) 'I thought my wife ought not even to be under suspicion'
Example sentences
  • The media, he says, like to ‘out’ a referee who is supposed to be like Caesar's wife, completely above suspicion.
  • They have to be like Caesar's wife - totally above suspicion.
  • Still, they expect their leaders to be, like Caesar's wife, above suspicion.


Middle English: from Latin Caesar, family name of the Roman statesman Caesar, Julius.

  • Roman emperors from Augustus (63 bc ad 14), the first emperor, to Hadrian ( ad 76–138) were known by the title Caesar. The word came simply from the name of Julius Caesar (100–44 bc), who was Augustus's predecessor as ruler of Rome. It is the root of both the German Kaiser and the Russian Tsar, used in the USA for a boss since the mid 19th century, and an officially appointed person in charge of something since the mid 20th. A person who should be above suspicion can be referred to as Caesar's wife. According to the Greek biographer Plutarch (c. ad 46–120), Julius Caesar's wife Pompeia was accused of adultery. Although he did not believe his wife was guilty, Caesar divorced Pompeia anyway. His justification for this was, ‘I thought my wife ought not even to be under suspicion’. A Caesarian section is so called because Julius Caesar is supposed to have been delivered by this birth method.

Words that rhyme with Caesar

appeaser, easer, Ebenezer, El Giza, freezer, geezer, geyser, Louisa, Pisa, seizer, squeezer, teaser, Teresa, Theresa, visa, wheezer

For editors and proofreaders

Syllabification: Cae·sar

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