Definition of calque in English:
another term for loan translation.
- A calque or loan-translation is a borrowing of a compound word from another language where each component is translated into native words and then joined together.
- In either case, English-speakers may have adopted the phrase via a direct, word-for-word translation of the German idiom; linguists call this a calque.
- So ‘butt naked’ would be a straightforward calque of a common expression whose word for ‘butt’ had dropped out of the language.
verb(be calqued on) Back to top
Originate or function as a loan translation of.
- Besides, even when the new meanings of existing words were calqued on cognate words in other languages.
- The most plausible explanation of its origin seems to be that it came in via American English, calqued on German ‘hoffentlich’.
- He is aware that the French in the above poem is purposefully calqued on English, rather than based on standard French.
Definition of calque in:
- British & World English dictionary